The second vatican council essay

The transmission of human life is a most serious role in which married people collaborate freely and responsibly with God the Creator. It has always been a source of great joy to them, even though it sometimes entails many difficulties and hardships. The fulfillment of this duty has always posed problems to the conscience of married people, but the recent course of human society and the concomitant changes have provoked new questions. The Church cannot ignore these questions, for they concern matters intimately connected with the life and happiness of human beings.

The second vatican council essay

What is the Catholic Priesthood? The subject of our present conference is what is the Catholic Priesthood. Not too many years ago it would have been less important to ask the question what is the Catholic Priesthood.

It would have been less important because anyone familiar with the Catholic Church not even though not personally a Catholic would have had a fair idea of what a priest, is. The description might have been crude but at least there was no great doubt in anyone's mind as to who or what a priest was supposed to be.

But things have changed on all sides including some learned Catholic circles we hear opinions that to say the least are not familiar. We are told that a priest is a social worker or a political reformer or an activist or a community organizer or preacher or a proclaimer of the Gospel.

And even when these descriptions are not verbalized the conduct of so many priest, some in high political office tells the world at least in America that what ever priest used to be, men specially concerned with the Mass the sacraments and holy faith.

They have entered into a new age. Call it the age of sacerdotal liberation.

Origins of the Welfare State in America

I know, I've taught priests for many years. We therefore return to our question what is the Catholic Priesthood? As the fundamental question that needs to be answered if we are to say anything else significant about those persons whose office the Church still believes is not of human invention but of divine origin.

The priesthood is simultaneously four things, it is a sacrament of the new law instituted by Christ, it is a state of life to which some men are called by a special vocation from God, it is an institution without which there would be no Christianity on earth today.

And it is a ministry of the Catholic Church by which Christ continues His own priestly work of saving and sanctifying the souls for whom He shed His blood on Calvary. The priesthood is a sacrament of the new law until the sixteenth century where there had been errors periodically infecting the Catholic Church some grave errors yet the priesthood was left substantially intact.

Then in the time of the Protestant reformation a massive attack was waged against the priesthood in the Catholic Church. And it's affects were so virulent that it has deeply affected Christianity ever since. To meet this challenge and to defend the Sacred Priesthood the Council of Trent issued a series of solemn definitions each one couched in the formed of anathema.

Condemning anyone who held any certain contrary positions. I thought at some length whether I should do it this way.

And I thought that I should. I will therefore quote in sequence six formal definitions of the Church each one spelling out and solemnizing defining an article of the undivided Catholic Faith.

Anyone who calls himself a Catholic, must subscribe to these definitions, not to do so is to sever oneself from visible union with the Church of Rome. In these days of wide spread confusion about what is a priest these six definitions should be etched in bronze.

First, if anyone says that there is not a visible and external priesthood in the New Testament, or that there is no power of consecrating and offering the Body and Blood of the Lord and of remitting and retaining sins, but says that there is only the office and simple ministry of preaching the Gospel or says that those who do not preach are not priests at all let him be anathema.

Second, if anyone denies that in the Catholic Church besides the priesthood there are other orders through which one must pass as to certain steps towards the priesthood let him be anathema.

Third, if anyone says that orders or holy ordination is not truly and properly a sacrament instituted by Christ Our Lord or that it is a kind of human invention thought up by men in experienced in ecclesiastical matters or that it is only a kind of rite of choosing ministers of the Word of God and the Sacraments let him be anathema.

Fourth, if anyone says by Holy Ordination the Holy Spirit is not given and thus it is useless for the bishop to say receive the Holy Spirit, or if anyone says that no character imprinted by ordination or that he who was once a priest can become a layman again let him be anathema.

Fifth, If anyone says that the Sacred Anointing which the Church uses at Holy Ordination is not only is not required but is despicable and harmful just like the other ceremonies let him be anathema.

Sixth, If anyone says that in the Catholic Church there is not divinely instituted hierarchy consisting of bishops, priests and ministers let him be anathema. So much for the definitions.

It is first of all a divinely instituted sacrament that Christ Himself instituted as the same Council of Trent explains at the Last Supper. The Catholic priesthood is a state of life, it follows logically on what the Church teaches that the priesthood is a sacrament that imprints an indelible character.

Given that fact it must also be to say the least a permanent state of life. That requires a special divine vocation. Why stress this fact? Because of the large exodus of priests in countries like ours from as they say the active priesthood. In the first ten years since the close of the second Vatican council the exodus in the United States was ten thousand priests.

The most devastating, I don't say in the history of our country, there has never been such a massive desacralization of the priesthood, in such a short time in the history of Christendom.

I can do no better in this context but to quote from the opening paragraph the book which you may have read, "A Shepherd without Sheep," published in the fifties by Boyd Barret?

There is not confessional where penitents await council and absolution from my lips, no baptismal font whereby the sacrament of regeneration I may give to the eternal Father another child.

Boyd Barret the repentant sinner had no doubt that he was nevertheless a priest. The priesthood, as priests used to be told and the faithful should know this too.1.

The second vatican council essay

Harold Wilensky put it baldly and succinctly: "Economic growth is the ultimate cause of welfare state development." Harold Wilensky, The Welfare State and Equality (Berkeley: University of California Press, ), p. 2. Thus, Flora and Alber find no correlation between levels of industrialization and social insurance programs of 12 European nations between the s and the s.

The Council of Europe (CoE; French: Conseil de l'Europe, CdE) is an international organisation whose stated aim is to uphold human rights, democracy and the rule of law in Europe.

Founded in , it has 47 member states, covers approximately million people and operates with an annual budget of approximately half a billion euros..

The second vatican council essay

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