Natives Views And Bibliography- 'The bulk of Californian's Indians were conquered, and died, in innumerable little episodes of cruel leaders or a few squads of rough soldiers, but in effect, an entire people; for the conquest of the Native Californian was above all else a popular, mass enterprise.
Merchant ships fill San Francisco harbor; c. Guidon of the California Company Company A during the Civil War Depiction of the completion of the first transcontinental railway. The Last Spike by Thomas Hill.
Following the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo February 2, that ended the war, the westernmost portion of the annexed Mexican territory of Alta California soon became the American state of California, and the remainder of the old territory was then subdivided into the new American Territories of ArizonaNevadaColorado and Utah.
The lightly populated and arid lower region of old Baja California remained as a part of Mexico. Inthe total settler population of the western part of the old Alta California had been estimated to be no more than 8, plus aboutNative Americans, down from aboutbefore Hispanic settlement in Soon afterward, a massive influx of immigration into the area resulted, as prospectors and miners arrived by the thousands.
By the time of California's application to the US Congress for statehood inthe settler population of California had multiplied toByoversettlers had come.
The seat of government for California under Spanish and later Mexican rule had been located in Monterey from until Ina state Constitutional Convention was first held in Monterey.
Among the first tasks of the Convention was a decision on a location for the new state capital. The first full legislative sessions were held in San Jose — Subsequent locations included Vallejo —and nearby Benicia — ; these locations eventually proved to be inadequate as well.
The capital has been located in Sacramento since  with only a short break in when legislative sessions were held in San Francisco due to flooding in Sacramento. Once the state's Constitutional Convention had finalized its state constitution, it applied to the US Congress for admission to statehood.
On September 9,as part of the Compromise ofCalifornia was officially admitted into the United States as an undivided free state.
Its status as a 'free state' prevented the expansion of slavery to the Pacific Coast, which was a foremost concern for the pre- Civil War US Congress. Within the state of California, Sep 9 remains as an annually celebrated legal holiday known as California Admission Day.
During the American Civil War —California was able to send gold shipments eastwards to Washington in support of the Union cause ;  however, due to the existence of a large contingent of pro-South sympathizers within the state, the state was not able to muster any full military regiments to send eastwards to officially serve in the Union war effort.
Still, several smaller military units within the Union army were unofficially associated with the state of California, such as the "California Company"due to a majority of their members being from California. At the time of California's admission into the Union, travel between California and the rest of the continental United States had been a time consuming and dangerous feat.
Nineteen years afterwards, inshortly after the conclusion of the Civil War, a more direct connection was developed with the completion of the First Transcontinental Railroad in California was then easy to reach.The Native Americans were deeply scarred from the California Gold rush more than anyone could imagine other than the people who lived the nightmare.
The population of Indians was an estimated , in ; 25 years later and 22 years after the beginning of the Goldrush an estimated number of only 30, Indians were living.
The population burgeoned with United States citizens, Europeans, Chinese and other immigrants during the great California Gold Rush. By the time of California's application to the US Congress for statehood in , the settler population of California had multiplied to ,Capital: Sacramento.
The discovery of gold in California in vastly accelerated changes that had been occurring since Already a meeting place for Mexicans, Russians, Americans, Europeans, and natives, the gold rush turned California into a truly global frontier where immigrants from every continent on .
At the news of the gold discovery a steady immigration commenced which continued until , at which time the Chinese in the United States numbered , of whom , were in the state of California. California Cultures: Hispanic Americans.
Overview. Mexican immigration into California, the farmworkers' labor struggles, and the Chicano Civil Rights movement and La Raza, which also resulted in an explosion of cultural art.
Gold Rush, Statehood, and the Western Movement. Rapid Population Growth, Large . The Gold Rush of California - In the United States, there would be a new overhaul to its identity. By , businesses would eventually see a new and prosperous way to make money.