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This article was published in the Feb. We might think of medicine as something to be taken in tablet-form or administered from a bottle, but the ancient art of medicine was the application of a philosophy, designed to develop harmonious interaction with external influences and the cycles of nature.
This involved awareness of environment and lifestyle, and knowledge of how a controlled administration of food could counter physical extremes, restore inner balance, and regain a healthy temperature to the body.
Originally, medicinal philosophy was heavily concerned with the intake of food, and the need to adjust the diet during periods of illness so that an appropriate quantity, as well as type of food could support the altered needs of the body.
For the art of Medicine would not have been invented at first, nor would it have been made a subject of investigation for there would have been no need of itif when men are indisposed, the same food and other articles of regimen which they eat and drink when in good health were proper for them, and if no others were preferable to these.
The Latin word regimen appears frequently in traditional astrological and medical texts. In later ages, the approach to medicine lost touch with some of its underlying holistic philosophy. The onus shifted from the patient maintaining a balanced lifestyle and giving ongoing scrutiny to their regimen of health, towards the expectation that the physician would act as a medical crisis attendee, called upon to relieve the pain of accumulated bodily disease.
Under this crisis approach, powerful herbal remedies and poisons came to the fore and the matter of the daily diet dropped from focus. This lies at odds with the original Hippocratic quest to discover and rectify the origin of the illness based on the belief that the human body naturally inclines towards health when in a state of emotional and physical balance.
This later approach has thrown the emphasis upon the development of manufactured pharmaceuticals, which are often designed to treat the symptom rather than the underlying life-style cause. The ancient studies of astrology and medicine are not mutually dependent, though the two subjects often integrate with each other, being united in their roots.
The subtleties of humoral philosophy become evident in the works attributed to the Greek physician Hippocrates, who taught in the late 5th century B.
These pioneering works are well known to have been strongly influential upon the Roman physician Galen in the late 2nd century C. Hygeia health, cleanliness and sanitation and Panacea curative medicine: The only extant evidence of the teachings of Hippocrates comes from texts ascribed to him, which started to circulate in the century succeeding his death.
The bulk of these was collated into a corpus in the 3rd century. The collection is large, believed to be commingled with works from other authors, but nonetheless demonstrates a prevalent classical philosophy in which illness is not seen as punishment from the gods as in ancient Babylonian belief but as the direct result of seasonal and environmental conditions, poor diet and inadequate hygiene.
It is from the Hippocratic Aphorisms that we find early expression of the famous dictum used by historical astrologers "Life is short and art is long". This idea is also present in the Hippocratic Aphorisms, number From this preliminary text we see that, whilst a great deal of the medical philosophy is based on the concept of diet determining health, the notion is not simply "You are what you eat," but "You are what you breathe, what you eat, what you drink, and what you receive by way of sunshine, weather, and the landscape of your locality".
All of these define the individual temperament, just as they have created the genetic features of every ethnic community. However, it has great significance as a founding philosophy which shows why different temperament types are held by different ethnic types as defined by their local geographical-celestial relationship and by those born at different seasons of the year.
Since, then, prognostication by astronomical means is divided into two great and principal parts, and since the first and more universal is that which relates to whole races, countries, and cities, which is called general, and the second and more specific is that which relates to individual men, which is called genethlialogical, we believe it fitting to treat first of the general division, because such matters are naturally swayed by greater and more powerful causes than are particular events.
And since weaker natures always yield to the stronger, and the particular always falls under the general, it would by all means be necessary for those who purpose an inquiry about a single individual long before to have comprehended the more general considerations.
The warning is comparable to that given for the potential failure of an electional chart, when it is made without reference to the natal chart of the individual concerned.The latter is descriptive of how the natural environment impinges upon the patient's health, and is explored in detail in the Hippocratic text that acts as a basis to Hippocratic medical theory: 'On Airs, Waters, and Places'.
Ever felt misjudged by a doctor? Or treated unfairly by a clinic or hospital? You may be a victim of patient profiling. Patient profiling is the practice of regarding particular patients as more likely to have certain behaviors or illnesses based on their appearance, race, gender, financial status, or .
Americans spend $40 billion on prescription medications. JAMA study estimates , prescription medication deaths.
Americans spend $ billion on prescription medications. Americans spend $ billion on prescribed medications. FDA approves distribution of medical journal articles by pharmaceutical manufacturers describing unapproved off-label uses of drugs. The birth of the Hippocratic medicine marked a transition from ritual and folk healing to a profession of secular theory and practice.
Epilepsy, with its common occurrence, dramatic presentation, and hidden cause attracted the attention of many healers in the ancient world and was the primary subject of full Hippocratic medical treatise written in fourth . The advances of Greco-Roman medicine in understanding and treating epileptic disorders found in the ‘Sacred Disease’ can provide an example how an idealized Hippocratic physician should approach medicine with skilled practice arising from carefully deduced and deafened natural theory.
The Hippocratic author of the ‘Sacred Disease’ provided a case example of what an idealized Hippocratic physician should approach the theory and practice of the difficult disease of epilepsy.
The author may be credited as being the first person to express that epilepsy was a disease caused naturally within the body and not as a result of.