A cousin of Charles Darwin, Galton became fascinated with inherited abilities. He also brought into play the statistical approaches to measuring it that have dominated psychometrics—the science of measuring mental attributes—ever since. At the beginning of this century, a Frenchman, Albert Binet, director of the Sorbonne psychology lab, introduced widespread testing of school children in Paris to ascertain their intellectual abilities.
Teaching Learning Styles and Multiple Intelligences to Students Many teachers who use learning styles and multiple intelligences in their classrooms wonder how important it is for students to know about these models.
Experience has taught us that students who understand the models are better able to understand their own learning profiles, to develop flexibility and adaptability in their thinking, and to set realistic goals about minimizing learning weaknesses and maximizing strengths.
In fact, research on the importance of metacognitive thinking supports the notion that instructional approaches that help students reflect on their own learning processes are highly beneficial to their overall learning and tend to stimulate motivation to improve as learners Brown, ; Marzano et al.
This leads to greater self-awareness. Of course, students—and teachers—must understand that styles and intelligences are not simply categories of identification; any description of a learner is an approximation.
Both models are useful ways of helping us to understand our own strengths and weaknesses as learners so that we may grow and become more balanced. This chapter will show you a compendium of methods some teachers use to teach both models to their students.
Today we will learn how we use our four functions to learn about an apple. Your senses tell you what something looks like, tastes like, feels like, and so forth.
Select an apple and use your senses to describe your apple. Another way to learn about something is to use your sixth sense. This is called intuition. It helps you to make guesses or to use your imagination. Imagine what your apple might taste like or imagine where it comes from.
Intuition also helps you to symbolize things. What are some things your apple might symbolize? Some examples might be good health or New York City.
Use your intuition to come up with a new idea of what an apple might symbolize. Still another way to learn about an apple is to use your thinking.
Your thinking helps you to understand the purpose for things.
For example, thinking helps you to understand the parts of an apple and what their functions are. Identify some of the parts of your apple—stem, skin, seed, pulp—and think about what each part does.
|Objectives take an online inventory to determine their learning strengths and weaknesses. Those are things any teacher might want to know in order to differentiate instruction for his or her students -- but this activity also can provide eye-opening information for the students themselves!|
|Linguistic intelligence refers to the ability to use words and language and to use language as a means of thinking and learning. Those with a high level of linguistic intelligence may succeed at careers such as writing, teaching, and law.|
The last way to learn about something is to use your feelings. Feelings tell you if you like or dislike something. Do you feel you will like your apple? Discuss what you like or dislike about it.
Now, put your apple back in the bag. With your eyes closed, try to find your apple using all of your senses. Questioning in Style Another way to teach students about the four learning styles is to have them experience activities or questions in each of the four styles and then ask them to reflect on the thinking they used to answer the question or complete the activities.
For example, after reading a story, Barb Heinzman asks her students questions about what they remember Masteryquestions that require explaining and proving Understandingquestions that require the use of their imagination Self-Expressiveor questions that invite students to reflect on and share their feelings Interpersonal.
Barb used the questions in Figure 6. Who are the characters and what are their traits? Which character do you relate to the most? The father, Sam, or Tim? Whom do you agree with, Sam or his father?
What is the meaning of the story? Why are the characters arguing? What do you imagine Tim is thinking during this argument? How is a colony like a child? My brother Sam is dead. Barb reinforced that the Mastery style focuses on remembering; Understanding style, on reasoning or explaining; the Self-Expressive style, on imagining or creating; and the Interpersonal style, on relating or feelings.
She then asked her students to stop after answering each question and to think about which type of thinking they used.The Learning Portfolio: Reflective Practice for Improving Student Learning John Zubizarreta Professor of English Director of Honors and Faculty Development.
Gardner believed that all people have various types of intelligences based upon eight to possibly nine categories and that all intelligence is not just intellectual capacity.
“ Howard Gardner viewed intelligence as the capacity to solve problems or to fashion products that are valued in one or more cultural settings” (Smith). Gardner suggested that people could have Visual-Spatial, Musical, Linguistic, Logical, . As our insatiable curiosity about the learning process persists and studies continue to evolve, scientific research may emerge that further elaborates on multiple intelligences, learning .
Multiple intelligences theory differs from learning styles theory in that both the ability to learn and apply new material in various individualized ways is considered in multiple intelligences.
Howard Gardner's Multiple Intelligences Theory, and VAK Visual Auditory Kinesthetic learning styles model - free training summary, diagrams, tools and other learning models. As the students file out of Janet's classroom, I sit in the back corner, scribbling a few final notes.
Defeat in her eyes, Janet drops into a seat next to me with a sigh.