Information presented relates to internal consistency within documents, irrespective of source designation, as well as cross comparison over generations of time. Nevertheless, God states He did create the heaven and the earth.
Page 16 Share Cite Suggested Citation: Science, Technology, and the Federal Government: National Goals for a New Era. The National Academies Press.
Wind, water, and animal power, with their limitations of place and capacity, were supplemented and then replaced by the steam engine, which went on to power the factories of the industrial revolution. The railroad made it possible to move things and people quickly over great distances.
The telegraph and, later, the telephone carried communications across the countryside. Electric lighting supplanted the dim glow of candles, kerosene, and gas lights. By the beginning of the twentieth century, the notion of progress was closely linked with technological development, and that linkage intensified in the following decades.
The automobile and the airplane changed not only travel but the nature of our cities and towns. Knowledge about the causes of diseases brought new treatments and preventive measures.
Computers appeared, and soon the transistor made them smaller, more powerful, more accessible, and cheaper. Today, the system by which research and development leads to new products is fundamentally different than it was in the nineteenth century. To the role of the individual inventor has been added the power of organized scientific research and technological innovation.
Organized research and development, which are increasingly international in character, have greatly increased the production of new knowledge. Basic insights in materials science enable the development of structures that are lighter, stronger, and more durable than anything available before.
The computer and novel modes of communication, such as optical fibers, bring new, interactive modes of work and more capable machinery. These new devices and new ways of working, in turn, speed the growth and dissemination of new knowledge.
The accumulation of scientific knowledge and new technologies has transformed human life. The rapid rate of material progress can continue, but it is not inevitable. The extent to which the products of science and technology are useful depends on the needs of society.
Progress is more likely if we understand these differences. Only then can we effectively translate scientific and technical understanding into the techniques, tools, and insights that improve the quality of our lives. Some, such as the semiconductor industry, the biotechnology industry, and parts of the chemical industry, were created and shaped almost entirely by ideas that grew out of science.
The technologies at the heart of these industries were initially characterized more by promise than by real products.
High-temperature superconductivity is a scientific discovery that shows promise of leading to new industries and is in this stage today. As science-based industries continue to develop, they remain closely dependent on continuous inputs of new science, often produced by university researchers.
These industries depend as well on the technological development of these ideas in order to grow and to widen their range of products.
At an early stage, these industries tend to be small, to move at a fast technical and competitive pace, and to have enormous potential. Biotechnology is now in this stage. In a more mature stage, a science-based industry may still be growing quickly, but it depends ess on the progress of academic scientists.This paper will explore how science and technology have been applied toward fostering continuing growth and prosperity during the twenty-first century.
The true impacts of this era on humankind. Suggested Citation:"CHAPTER 2 SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY IN MODERN SOCIETY."National Academy of Sciences, National Academy of Engineering, and Institute of Medicine.
Science, Technology, and the Federal Government: National Goals for a New Era. Computer Information Technology Bachelor of Science Degree Program Overview The computer information technology major trains students to apply the fundamental principles of computer science as they learn how to design, develop, implement, operate and maintain computer systems utilized in scientific, business and systems programming applications.
Postmodernism is a broad movement that developed in the mid- to lateth century across philosophy, the arts, architecture, and criticism and that marked a departure from modernism.
The term has also more generally been applied to the historical era following modernity and the tendencies of this era. (In this context, "modern" is not used in the sense of "contemporary", but merely as a name.
How Enterprises Are Using IT Threat Intelligence. by Dark Reading Nov 20, Concerns over nation-state actors and other security threats are driving enterprises to rethink the way they collect and analyze cybersecurity data.
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